Cashmere vs. Alpaca: Navigating Luxury, Quality, and Sustainability in Fiber Choices



As we navigate the world of luxury fibers, the age-old debate of Cashmere vs. Alpaca persists. In this comprehensive exploration, we aim to unravel the intricacies of these exquisite materials, providing a detailed comparison that goes beyond the surface. Whether you are driven by the quest for opulence, quality, or sustainability, this article will guide you through the nuances of choosing between Cashmere and Alpaca.

Cashmere: “Fiber for kings”

The Historical Elegance Cashmere, often referred to as the “fiber for kings,” has adorned the elite for centuries. Its exceptional softness and warmth make it a coveted choice in the realm of luxury fashion. Nowadays, you don’t have to be a king to enjoy the luxury of cashmere. Clothing made of this special material is not the cheapest, especially if it is handmade from the best fibres.Only a limited amount of grade A quality cashmere is gathered each year. However, as we delve into the historical journey of Cashmere, it becomes evident that its exclusivity has faced challenges in recent times.

The Grading Game:

Understanding the quality of Cashmere involves delving into its grading system. The fibers are classified into Grade A, Grade B, and Grade C based on their diameter and length. Grade A, with the thinnest and longest fibers, represents the pinnacle of Cashmere luxury. However, the surge in global demand has led to compromises in quality as farmers strive to meet the production requirements, affecting the overall standard of Cashmere products.

Environmental Implications:

The mass production of Cashmere has not only impacted its quality but has also raised environmental concerns. The booming demand for Cashmere has resulted in an increased population of Kashmir goats, particularly in Mongolia and China. This surge has taken a toll on the ecosystem, with goats damaging vegetation, causing soil erosion, and contributing to climate change. The pursuit of luxury comes at a significant environmental cost.

Alpaca:”The Fiber of the Gods”

Enter Alpaca, often hailed as the “fiber of the gods.” In this section, we’ll explore the unique characteristics that set Alpaca apart and position it as a serious contender in the luxury fiber market. Related to the vicuna, llama and guanaco the alpaca is a rare and precious animal that is a hybrid cross between a guanaco and vicuñas, introduced some 6000 years ago by the Inca civilisation.

Alpacas have had a turbulent history.

Treasured by the ancient Inca civilisation, their fine fleeces were reserved for Incan royalty. Together with their close relatives, the llamas, alpacas provided clothing, food, fuel and, no doubt, companionship as domesticated animals high in the altiplano of Peru, Chile and Bolivia. A thousand years before the Roman Empire, a thriving economy existed, based on selective breeding and the production of alpacas that are thought to have had even better fleeces than the finest and most uniform alpacas today. Alpacas were close to annihilation after the Spanish conquest of the Incas.

Fineness and Crimp: Two key factors distinguish Alpaca fibers—fineness and crimp. Alpacas are bred to achieve the fineness of Cashmere and the crimp of Merino wool, offering a harmonious blend of qualities. Fineness is measured in microns, with Alpaca fibers ranging from 16 to 40 microns, depending on factors such as breeding and age. Younger animals typically yield the finest fibers, contributing to the overall quality of Alpaca products.

The Peruvian Grading System:

Alpaca fibers are classified in the Peruvian grading system, which includes Super Royal, Royal, Baby, and Standard Alpaca. Super Royal Alpaca, with a micron count below 16.9, rivals the softness of the finest Cashmere. Baby Alpaca, with a micron range of 20-23, competes favorably with Grade B Cashmere. These distinctions highlight the versatility and quality of Alpaca fibers across various grades.

Sustainability: Alpaca’s Gentle Footprint One of the most compelling aspects of Alpaca is its sustainability. In this section, we’ll explore how Alpaca’s environmental impact compares to the challenges posed by Cashmere production.

Grazing Habits and Population:

Unlike Cashmere goats, Alpacas exhibit gentle grazing habits. Their soft, padded feet minimize soil damage, and they graze without destroying plant roots. The sheer difference in population is striking—around 430 million Kashmir goats versus only 4.5 million Alpacas. This significant contrast allows grasses to regenerate more quickly in Alpaca-inhabited areas.

Efficiency in Water Usage: Alpacas further showcase their sustainability by consuming less water compared to goats. In a year, Alpacas can produce enough fiber for four or five garments, whereas it takes 20 goats the same time to produce the equivalent amount of Cashmere yarn. This efficiency in water usage contributes to Alpaca’s eco-friendliness.

The Decline of Cashmere Quality:

As we witness a decline in the quality of Cashmere due to increased production, Alpaca emerges as a formidable competitor. The privatization of Mongolia’s Cashmere industry in 1990 led to a focus on quantity over quality. Crossbreeding and a shift in priorities resulted in shorter and coarser Cashmere fibers, diminishing the softness and durability of the final products.

Alpaca’s Future in Luxury:

The decline in Cashmere quality opens up a space for Alpaca to shine in the luxury fiber market. As consumers become more environmentally conscious, the sustainability aspect of Alpaca becomes a compelling factor in purchasing decisions. Alpaca products, particularly those graded as Super Royal, not only rival the softness of Cashmere but also surpass it in strength and productivity.

A Closer Look at Alpaca Yarns:

To appreciate the depth of Alpaca’s luxury, let’s examine its yarns. Alpaca fibers, when hand-sorted based on staple length and diameter, offer a range of options—from prime, downy-soft royal and baby alpaca to more robust guard hairs. This meticulous sorting process ensures that Alpaca yarns maintain their premium quality, providing consumers with a diverse selection that caters to their preferences.

Price Points and Exclusive Markets:

While Alpaca products may seem expensive, especially those classified as Super Royal, they represent a worthwhile investment. The exclusivity of Royal and Super Royal Alpaca fibers, coupled with a meticulous supply chain, positions them in a league of their own. European designers in Italy, France, and Germany feature these exclusive fibers, creating a demand that drives prices higher than even the finest Cashmere.

The Longevity of Alpaca:

Quality, in the context of Alpaca, translates to longevity. Alpaca fibers, often measuring between eight and twelve centimeters, are less prone to pilling compared to their Cashmere counterparts. With proper care, a well-made Baby Alpaca or Royal Alpaca product can last a lifetime, making it a sustainable choice in the long run.

The Sustainability Conundrum:

The key to Alpaca’s long-term success against Cashmere lies in its sustainable practices. As consumers become increasingly aware of environmental concerns, Alpaca’s eco-friendly footprint may sway purchasing decisions. The potential contribution of Cashmere to desertification and climate change except for a select percentage of the highest quality garments, if these facts are known it poses a challenge for its continued mainstream acceptance.


In the vast landscape of luxury fibers, the choice between Cashmere and Alpaca extends beyond mere softness and warmth. It involves a nuanced understanding of grading systems, environmental impact, and the evolving landscape of the fashion industry. As we navigate an era where sustainability is integral to consumer choices, Alpaca emerges not just as a competitor but as a potential torchbearer of luxury fibers. The future may well witness a shift towards conscious choices, where Alpaca takes center stage as a symbol of opulence with a gentle footprint on the planet.

Reference:  Cashmere vs Alpaca – which is the most luxurious and are either sustainable?

Alpaca Links Product

Other common questions people ask answered:

What is better alpaca or cashmere? – A sweater made of baby alpaca  wool, in terms of softness and strength, wins over cashmere. Cashmere fibers are four centimeters long, while alpaca fibers measure between eight and twelve centimeters. This means that alpaca fiber garments are more resistant, therefore long-lasting and less prone to pilling effect, Source Link

Does alpaca feel like cashmere? – Similar to cashmere, alpaca is a natural fiber with a silky, luxurious feel; it is just as warm and soft as cashmere, but even more durable. Alpaca fibers are hollow with an insulating core that makes them both warm and breathable. Alpaca fleece contains no lanolin and is hypoallergenic. Source Link

How can you tell if alpaca wool is real? – Alpaca wool items will feel soft and smooth from the inside and the outside; however, synthetic material might feel soft on the outside because many vendors brush the outside of the material to give it a softer feel, but it will probably be coarser on the inside. Source Link

Are alpaca socks warmer than cashmere? –Cashmere bed socks are best worn if you are not planning on moving around much…. The alpaca fibre is hollow, which traps air within and makes them even warmer than cashmere. Source Link

What are the disadvantages of alpaca wool? – 

  • Some alpaca wool can be itchy.
  • Alpaca wool can be expensive.
  • It can be difficult to find.                Source Link

What is more expensive alpaca or cashmere? – For a similar garment, using wool that is comparable in thickness, an Alpaca sweater would be around 50% of the price. Source Link

Which is warmer cashmere or alpaca wool? – Insulation. Cashmere sweaters will provide you with good insulation, but alpaca further elevates this mandatory sweater requirement. Alpaca wool’s construction provides a hollow core that traps a pocket of air inside it. This means the fiber can warm up quickly and stay insulated longer. Source Link

What is more luxurious than cashmere?- Vicuña wool is one of the most coveted and rare luxury materials in modern times. Today there are around 200,000 wild vicuñas living in Peru. The vicuña is now Peru’s national animal. Source Link

Alpaca Wool vs Merino vs Cashmere: Which Is The Best? –  It is apparent that cashmere is not durable enough to be used in outdoor gear, however, it serves its purpose as luxurious clothing used for special occasions. In the alpaca vs merino debate, alpaca is a clear winner! Wool from alpacas is warmer, lighter, softer and stronger than merino wool Source Link

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